Kakemono or Kakejiku
A kakemono (掛物, "hanging thing"), more commonly referred to as a kakejiku (掛軸, "hung scroll"), is a Japanese scroll painting, or calligraphy, mounted usually with silk fabric edges on a flexible paper backing, so that it can be rolled for storage.
The silk mounting of a kakejiku has four distinct named sections: the top section is called the "ten", (heaven), the bottom is the "chi" (earth), with the "hashira" (pillars) connecting the heaven and earth on the sides. It also contains a section of orizontal silk strips called "ichimonji" and may have two free hanging vertical strips called “futai”.
On observation, the Ten is twice as long as the Chi. This is because in the past kakemono were viewed from a lower kneeling position on a tatami, and this provided a correct perspective to the "Honshi" (painted work). This tradition carries on to modern times.
There is a cylindrical rod (nakajiku) at the bottom, which becomes the axis or center of the kakemono and keeps it hanging properly with its weight. The end knobs on the rod are used as grasps, when rolling and unrolling the scroll, and are called jiku. They can be made of several materials including wood, bone, horn, ivory, metal, ceramics or lacquered wood.
The top half moon shaped wood rod is named the "hassō", to which two "kan" (metal loops) are inserted in order to tie the "kakeo" (hanging thread).
A wooden box (kiribako) is attached for protection during storage. If the wooden box is inscribed with an authentication, by an expert or previous owner, it is called “kiwame bako”.